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French presidential candidates on the EU

Mattermap door Instituut Clingendael 14 april 2017

The French presidential candidates on the EU

  • Marine Le Pen (Front National)

    • Le Pen has announced negotiations with Brussels in order to reshape France's relations with the EU, and intends to hold a referendum on EU membership within 6 months after her election. For Le Pen, the future of the EU is one of an alliance of nations and cooperation, without the euro or open borders (Schengen). She is determined to re-introduce border controls and the Franc. She also calls for ‘economic patriotism’, which would include plans to impose duties on foreign goods and introduce higher taxes for companies that out-source jobs – measures that would directly violate EU law. ...»
      Marine Le Pen Front National Bron:
  • Emanuel Macron (En Marche!)

    • Being the only candidate who readily expresses his faith in the EU, Macron aims for more ambitious European integration. His plan to revive the EU includes building a European defense union in close cooperation with Germany and initiating citizens conventions where the future of the EU can be debated. He proposes a multi-speed EU by establishing a complete independent Eurozone governance, including a separate Eurozone minister, parliament and budget. For Macron, the EU's priorities should include the Digital Single Market and the Energy Market. He also plans to promote EU trade by launching a 'Buy European Act' and aims to draw up European social rights by harmonizing standards of retirement, minimum wages and health care. ...»
      Emmanuel Macron (En Marche !) Bron:
  • François Fillon (Les Républicains)

    • Fillon supports the EU, but prefers a more intergovernmental approach: his view on the future of the EU is one of a Europe of nation states. One of his priorities is to limit the Commission’s power by only giving them competence over fundamental areas. He does not, however, specify what these fundamental areas would be. Another important ambition for Fillon is his plan to set up an independent Eurozone governance: he would like to see the establishment of a directorate composed of national leaders, who would assume all tasks concerning the Eurozone currently in the hands of the Commission. He also wants a drastic reform of the Schengen agreement, which would entail the introduction of internal borders checks in certain areas and the option to exclude Member States from the Schengen area in case they fail to control the external borders of the EU. ...»
      François Fillon Les Républicains Bron:
  • Benoît Hamon (Parti Socialiste)

    • According to Hamon, the EU needs far-reaching reforms, particularly with regard to the current lack of balance of powers in the Eurozone governance. He aims to tackle these problems by drafting a new treaty that would democratise the Eurozone governance in the form of an intergovernmental agreement. One of his main goals is to install a Eurozone Assembly, which would almost exclusively be made up of nationally elected representatives. Hamon rejects further enlargement of the EU and wants to focus on convergence and cooperation within the existing EU. One of the cornerstones of his program is the environment, and he wants to push for an EU wide invest plan of 1000 billion euros for the ecological and economic transition. ...»
      Benoît Hamon Parti Socialiste Bron:
  • Jean-Luc Mélenchon (La Franse Insoumise)

    • For Mélenchon, the only way forward is to radically change the EU: without fundamental reform, he wants France to abandon the EU treaties, which would constitute a Frexit. He aims to do so by first convincing all Member States to completely renegotiate the existing treaties. The new treaties would have to put in place a less liberal Union; for example by terminating the ECB’s independence and establishing a strategy of ‘solidarity protectionism’ in order to protect jobs. The outcome of the negotiations with the rest of the EU will be proposed to the French people in the form of a referendum, who may then decide whether they prefer to continue with the reformed Union or would rather opt for a Frexit. If Mélenchon’s negotiation plans do not work – which is probable considering his demands – he wants France to abandon the treaties unilaterally and establish new forms of cooperation with the EU instead. This would also entail a direct abrogation of France’s contribution to the EU budget. ...»
      Jean-Luc Mélenchon La France insoumise Bron: