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Stedelijke Dynamiek: Peri-urbane gebieden

Mattermap door Juultje Verhoeven 16 mei 2018

Peri-urbane gebieden en verdichting

  • Meerdere drijvende krachten

    • "Every land-use conflict is unique and emerges from site-specific social, economic, and ecological interactions."
      von der Dunk et al. (2011) Bron: 08/03/2011
    • "Despite clear path dependencies (in morphology, institutions, ideology and political process), political choices and options remain available in our post-suburban futures."
      Charmes & Keil (2015, p.601) Bron:
  • Staat

    • "Some interventions, like the extensive literature on Los Angeles since the 1980s, have gone so far as to claim an epochal shift in urbanization patterns. More broadly, however, post-suburbia entails the notion of a reversal of the linearity of historical processes, as traditional geographical typologies of ordered concentric segmentation have given way to a more splintered or fragmented urbanism (as encountered under broader processes of neoliberalization)." ...»
      Charmes & Keil (2015) Bron:
    • "The realization of sustainable cities in the future may to a high degree depend on whether we govern peri-urban areas as providers of crucial services for urban citizens as well as rural citizens, of continue the present random urbanization with restricted accessibility and multifunctionality." ...»
      Hedblom et al. (2017, p.526) Bron:
    • "Critics of low-density residential spaces foster the diffusion of now well-established planning norms like: densification of residential neighbourhoods (see Figure 5); infill on brownfield sites (see Figures 6 and 7);
      functional diversification (with the development of businesses and employment within
      a polycentric pattern); and concentration of urban development around train stations
      and public transport nodes."
      Charmes & Keil (2015, p.587) Bron:
    • "The diversity of reactions to the dynamics of change in suburban morphology reflects the diversification of governmental regimes in suburbs and post-suburbs, with each being more or less favourable to certain coalitions and particular morphological changes." ...»
      Charmes & Keil (2015, p.594) Bron:
  • Milieu

    • "In fact, the idea that the dense city is more sustainable than the low-density city can be contested on environmental grounds. This plasticity of the environmental dis course makes it all the more obvious to consider densification as a political process favouring some interests while disadvantaging others. In any case, smart growth and new urbanist models are eagerly supported by many land developers, builders and local political elites favouring growth." ...»
      Charmes & Keil (2015) Bron:
    • "Densification of cities directly affects people's quality of life by reducing the availability of green space, and may trap citizens in dense urban districts with insufficient room to meet their recreational requirements and needs of other ecosystem services." ...»
      Hedblom et al. (2017) Bron:
  • Sociaal profiel

    • "In a lowdensity residential neighbourhood, the addition of individual houses through infill is a way of reconciling economic interests emergent from urban growth with the interests of the inhabitants, since the residential image of the neighbourhood is preserved. Soft densification can indeed overcome resistance from inhabitants, while hard densification may trigger strong opposition. Yet, soft densification may not be sufficient to sustain a strategy seeking to establish a suburb as a metropolitan sub-centre. In this sense, the type of densification is revealing of power relations, particularly between local and met ropolitan interests." ...»
      Charmes & Keil (2015, p.591) Bron:
  • Historische context

    • "For quite some time, they have brought together employment, commerce, cultural organizations, infrastructural and logistical facilities, ecological spaces (parks and greenbelts) and large-scale institutions such as hospitals and universities. These changes are at the very heart of the move from suburbanization to post-suburbanization." ...»
      Charmes & Keil (2015) Bron:
    • "Since the road and street networks, as well as the underlying infrastructures such as water and sewerage, exert very strong inertia in the cities, circulation flows in many suburbs will remain separated from urban life for generations to come. And the transformation of the suburban landscape must happen within that framework, which means that often densification happens and will happen without functional diversity or, more accurately, with limited functional diversity." ...»
      Charmes & Keil (2015, p.594) Bron:
    • "For example, the idea that density or, more broadly, that the dense city is collectively desirable may historically have been a more accepted notion in France than in Canada (yet it is also obvious that there are convergences here: Canadians have learned to accept the diktats of a climate-change-driven push towards greater compactness; and French suburbanites have learned to escape the grands ensem bles, gravitating towards the lotissement of pavillons on the outskirts of
      not only large conurbations but also many smaller towns and villages, generating a pervasive pattern of leapfrog development similar to that found in many North American cities)."
      Charmes & Keil (2015, p.594) Bron: