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Arab spring - fruitful or flop?

Mattermap door Gemma van der Kamp 20 januari 2013

As we mark the Arab Spring' two years anniversary; should we lose hope?

  • No, democracy requires more than just a revolution. Be patient.

    • It’s easy to be pessimistic about the Arab Spring, given the post-revolutionary turmoil the Middle East is now experiencing. Critics forget that it takes time for new democracies to transcend their authoritarian pasts. As the history of political development elsewhere shows, things gets better. ...»
      Sheri Berman Professor of Political Science at Barnard College, Columbia University. Bron: Foreign Affairs 09/01/2013
    • ALGERIA - I write these few lines to let you know we're doing well, on the whole, though it varies from day to day: sometimes the wind changes, it rains lead, life bleeds from every pore. . . .
      But let's take the long view for a moment. Can he who does not know where to go find the way? Is driving the dictator out the end? From where you are, Mohamed, next to God, you can tell that not all roads lead to Rome; ousting a tyrant doesn't lead to freedom. Prisoners like trading one prison for another, for a change of scenery and the chance to gain a little something along the way.
      Boualem Sansal Algerian author letter to Mohamed Bouazizi, the fruitseller who is said to have started the revolution Bron: Foreign Affairs 21/06/2011
    • TUNESIA & EGYPT - Islamist face a new political culture: now, one where people who disagree with the government take to the streets; where there is no reverence for established power and the army and the police no longer inspire fear. In both countries the Arab spring has changed things irrevocably. The Islamists are succeeding neither in delivering the goods in economic and social terms nor in giving the impression that they are architects of an authentic social project that goes beyond the stamping of 'Islamic markers' on a society over which they have increasingly little control. ...»
      Olivier Roy Professor at the European University Institute in Florence, Italy Bron: The New Statesman 13/12/2012
    • You can't expect mature politics to be practised in countries like Egypt where political parties have been banned for 50 years. The central point, however, is that, just as in 1989, we are seeing the end of an era. Of that, no one should be in any doubt. The call for change, an end to corruption, and the exercise of greater freedom for ordinary citizens is now being heard in every Middle Eastern country and beyond. ...»
      Adrian Hamilton Comment editor Middle East Bron: The Independent 21/12/2012
    • The cries of freedom and dignity should not be Orientalised into inhospitality to democracy, as many argue today. The Arab Spring is not a ' winter' in spite of the killing fields of Syria, the polarisation across many an Arab polity, and stalled transitions. This is one instance in Arab history when chaos may be geared towards the delivery a much vaunted good: Self-government. ...»
      Dr Larbi Sadiki Tunesian senior Lecturer in Middle East Politics at the University of Exeter Bron: Al Jazeera 12/12/2012
    • Today, carrying the fight to the conservatives’ home ground, independent-minded Saudi women uphold those long-ago role models and quote the Quran in support of equality. No one thinks victory will be easy. But as one woman told me: “As Gandhi said, we have to make our own change,” the young woman says. “And we will.” ...»
      Karen Elliott House Journalist; has spent several years in Saudi Arabic Won several awards for her work Bron: Daily Beast 31/07/2012
    • If the Arab Spring was indeed strongly rooted in a positive vision of justice and inclusion, why do things look so difficult today? A serious answer would be that people power does not readily translate into political power. After the euphoria of an event as powerful as the Arab Spring, people naturally tend to hope for the best and return to their personal lives. ...»
      Randall Kuhn American Associate Professor and Director, Global Health Affairs Program. University of Denver Bron: 09/01/2013
    • I don't want to be chasing events any more. I want to be building ideas. #ArabSpring
      Iyad El-Baghdadi Social Media Coach United Arab Emirates Bron: Twitter 16/01/2013
    • The Arab World is going through a difficult process, fitting everybody in the religious very complicated system. That is where we are at the moment; a lot of problems about the constitution. We need 4 or 5 years more of revolution before a stable system has been established. (radio fragment) ...»
      Roger Owen British historian specialised in history of the Middle East Bron: Radio open source 20/10/2012
  • Yes, when it comes to womens rights, little has changed

    • According to men, the revolution in the Middle East has other prioritities than improving women's rights. Women are still being seen as mentally disturbed, rightless creatures that are born to serve men. The 'blue bra' (see picture) has become the rallying cry for thousands of Egyptian women who marched in Cairo demanding the end of military rule. ...»
      Rayan Majed Journalist from Libanon NOW is an online news source about the Middle East Bron: Now Lebanon 01/11/2012
    • Some may ask: what does gender, or for that matter, sex, have to do with the Arab Spring? Until the rage shifts from the oppressors in our presidential palaces to the oppressors on our streets and in our homes, our revolution has not even begun. Name me an Arab country, and I’ll recite a litany of abuses fueled by a toxic mix of culture and religion that few seem willing or able to disentangle lest they blaspheme or offend ...»
      Mona El Tahawy Egyptian/Amerikan award winning columnist and feminist/ Middle East intellectual Her essay of which the quote is part, went viral. Bron: Foreign Policy (amongst others) 24/04/2012
    • Women of Arabspring - we did not get the rights of those who died nor the rights of those who live! (cartoon)
      FooZools Activists Forum Cartoon Bron: FooZools 16/01/2013
    • EGYPT - After the Islamic movement came to power, a number of women - wearing headscarves and the full face veil - have sprung to prominence, most notably President Mohammed Morsi's wife. However, none of these women are taking a stand for women's rights, which have increasingly deteriorated in the name of religion and Islamic law. Furthermore, these women have reiterated the stance of the dominant political currents, saying that female circumcision and the veil are an intrinsic part of Egyptian Muslim women's identity. ...»
      Nawal El-Saadawi Egyptian author and influental feminist; strongly against female genital cutting She is founder and president of the Arab Women's Solidarity Association Bron: Al hayat 19/01/2013
    • TUNESIA - According to many Tunesian women, female politicians of the Islamic party Ennahda are not more than majorettes for the male party leaders. They even try to explain or justify the bill saying that ' equality' is a synonym for 'complementary' - which basically only means supplementary. ...»
      Monia Moukhar Kallel Tunesian professor and journalist Writes a lot on women right Bron: Kapitalis, Tunesian newspaper 24/08/2012
  • Yes, those that are daring to challenge the status quo are in the minority

    • EGYPT - The majority of Egyptians voted in favor of the Islamist. But the problem is that, particularly with people on the countryside: they don't know better. They are illerate and their only hopes for a better Egypt come from the Islam. The're not educated about democracy, human rights, women's rights etc. So the safest way is vote for the Islamist. ...»
      Reem Nafie Egyptian freelance journalist former editor for a independent newspaper in Egypt Bron: extract from interview 20/04/2012
    • As storms of social upheaval sweep the Middle East, women like Lulu take comfort in their lives of cloistered conservatism. Lulu rarely leaves her house. That’s her choice, she says: she has no interest in driving or just about anything else outside her home. Instead, she devotes herself to serving her husband and to ensuring that her children are sticking to a strictly religious path. ...»
      Karen Elliott House American award-winning Journalist Has spend many years in Saudi Arabia Bron: The Daily Beast 30/07/2012
    • Disappointed in the outcome of revolutions of the Arab Spring, particularly in Egypt, Tunisia, Libya, Yemen and Syria, as well as anxiety and fear of the future, the common man now wishes for the former regimes. They long for the toppled regimes saying they were better than the revolution which they lived their lives wishing for. ...»
      Kamal Gaballa Managing Editor Editor of state-owned newspaper Bron: Al Ahram, Newspaper in Egypt 08/01/2013
  • Yes, dark times ahead.

    • EGYPT - The sharia constitution is not winning by a slim margin. It is winning in a landslide. Reliable polling, years before Mubarak fell, told us that about two-thirds of the populace favors the imposition of strict sharia. When they finally got an opportunity to vote freely, Egyptians voted overwhelmingly in favor of Islamists. Once sharia is formally recognized as law, Islamists and their vigilante gangs feel far more comfortable taking enforcement matters into their own hands on the streets. Dark times ahead. ...»
      Andrew C. McCarthy Conservative American publicist Bron: National Review 17/12/2012
    • There is little evidence to suggest that future historians will rank the events of 2011 with those of 1848, or 1989. Simply too few of the fundamentals of social, economic and political organisation in the Arab world have been successfully contested by the protests. As 2011’s Spring turns into 2012’s summer, the answer to the question of whether there has been a power shift in the Middle East, is a decisive ‘not yet' . Succesfull revolutions are very rare indeed. ...»
      London School of Economics London School of Economics Bron: After the Arab Spring: Power Shift in the Middle East? 12/05/2012
    • Tunisia and Morocco, the most Westernized of all Arab countries, elected Islamist governments. Moderate, to be sure, but Islamist still. Egypt, the largest and most influential, has experienced an Islamist sweep. The Muslim Brotherhood didn't just win the presidency. It won nearly half the seats in parliament, while more openly radical Islamists won 25 percent. What does this mean? The Arab Spring is a misnomer. This is an Islamist ascendancy, likely to dominate Arab politics for a generation. ...»
      Charles Krauthammer US neoconservative; political commentator Bron: Washington Post 12/07/2012
    • Hope that was triggered by the Arab Spring is not quite enough. The shooting of protestors in Tahrir Square by the Egyptian army is the latest sign of something the West seems in no mood to admit: the Arab Spring is giving way to an Arab winter. ...»
      Douglas Murray Associate Director of the Henry Jackson Society neoconservatieve; often critical of Islamic fundamentalism Bron: The Spectator 26/11/2012
  • No, earth-shaking changes are taking place

    • The 'Arab Spring' is not finished yet and earth-shaking changes are taking place all over the Middle East and North Africa in what might be deemed the new 'Arab Winter' . With a common language throughout North Africa and the Middle East and the advent of the internet and cell phones, a young and ambitious population can more easily communicate their desires and frustrations. ...»
      Mark Mobius Templeton Emerging Markets Business man Bron: Financial Times 15/01/2013
    • Yes, the stakes are high in Egypt and yes, Morsi, like every other autocratic leader, Islamist or otherwise, is not to be trusted. Power, after all, corrupts. But do you know who I trust? The Egyptians. And the Bahrainis. And the Jordanians. And the Syrians. Whatever the season, spring or winter, they will have their freedom. ...»
      Mehdi Hasan Political director of the Huffington Post Bron: New Statesman 29/11/2012
    • The Tunisian people didn’t transition to democracy by accident. We’ve been demanding it for a long time. But young people have now learned not to ‘fear the fear’.
      Moncef Cheikh-Rouhou member of the Tunisian Constitutional Assembly Bron: European Policy Centre 29/03/2012
    • You can crush the flowers, but you can’t delay spring (Video).
      Bahia Shehab Art historician Started the 'NO' art project to say no to military rule, executions and discrimnations as part of the revolution Bron: TEDTalks 14/06/2012
  • No, the international community plays a part in the democratization of the Arab world as well.

    • Saoedi Arabia - I have realized a long time ago that the American foreign policy will stay basically the same regardless who wins the election. They will continue turn a blind eye on all the things that are happening in the Arabian Gulf States - like the total lack of righst for women - because the US needs their oil. ...»
      Wajeha Al-Huwaider Well known Saudi Publicist/dissident/feminist was banned from publishing Bron: Shaffaf 01/11/2012
    • Change is frequently difficult and by definition unstable. Things can still shift for the better. But to help facilitate a necessary change in the Middle East. To help Egypt, Libya and other countries evolve into more stable, more democratic, more free, more humane entities, Western policymakers need to be clear-eyed and not romantic, tough without being dogmatic, and far-sighted rather than myopic. I, for one, am still waiting for such leaders to emerge, from any country, from anywhere along the political spectrum. ...»
      Gil Troy Professor of History at McGill University and a Shalom Hartman Intstitute Engaging Israel Research Fellow in Jerusalem. Bron: Daily Beast 13/09/2012
    • Only caution, circumspection and suspicion towards the developments in the Arab countries. Pragmatic engagement, on the other hand, at least has the potential to help support democratization in the Arab world. ...»
      Olivier Roy Professor at the European University Institute in Florence, Italy Bron: Journal of Democracy 09/01/2013
    • The challenge to Washington intelligence analysts and policymakers will be to understand and develop policies that address the new realities in Arab countries where the national identity tempers an increasing tendency to identify as 'Musli' instead of an 'Arab'. Muslim-dominated governments are not innately hostile to the United States. But Washington will need different approaches toward them if it is to promote U.S. national interests. ...»
      Graeme Bannerman Former Middle East analyst on US State Department Policy Planning Staff. Taught at many universities in the US Bron: Reuters 11/10/2012
  • No, the spread of social media will be a game changer

    • The trajectory of the Arab Spring highlights an empirical novelty for the Arab world, namely, the manifestation of huge, cross-class, popular protest in the name of political change, as well as a new factor that abetted the materialization of this phenomenon—the spread of social media. The spread of social media will no doubt be a game changer for the longevity of authoritarian regimes worldwide from now on. ...»
      Eva Bellin Associate professor of political science at City University of New York, Bron: Comparative politics 02/01/2012
    • I have learned the ‘digital war’ is here to stay in Egypt. From 70+ year old military generals’ use of Facebook to release announcement, to the Muslim Brotherhood’s use of hackers, leaders from the entire range of Egypt’s political factions are striving for the upper hand in this fight. Activists understand that their longer and shorter term strategies must both exist, and that they must engage the digital and physical worlds to achieve their goals. ...»
      Ramesh Srinivasan Associate Professor in Media/Information Studies at UCLA Bron: Al Jazeera 26/10/2012
    • Social media can potentially be a ' change agent' towards women’s empowerment in Arab societies. It is positively viewed by many social media users, whether men or women, as a medium that can trigger changes and offer new approaches for addressing these inequalities. While this ' virtual' participation might be a first step towards women’s empowerment, it may not necessarily translate into real-life participation in mainstream political, civic and public arenas. So there is still work to do. ...»
      Dubai School of Govt Dubai School of Government Bron: Arab Social Media Report 01/11/2011
  • Yes, the Arab Spring is over.

    • The euphoric toppling of dictators in Libya, Tunisia and Egypt has come at a price: new porousness of borders, the expansion of ungoverned areas, the proliferation of weapons, the disorganization of police and security services in all these countries — it’s been a real boon to jihadists (that are behind the recent chaos in Mail and Algeria, red.) ...»
      Program Director, Middle East and North Africa Washington, DC, USA Middle East and North Africa director at the International Crisis Group Heavy focus on islamist movement in Middle East Bron: New York Times 19/01/2013
    • This is what I know of the revolution," says Um Ali in her quiet, deep voice. "You run from shop to shop looking for things. But the pharmacies are empty. The grocery stores are empty. We toured half of Aleppo to try to find a bucket of yoghurt. This is revolution.
      Um Ali Syrian woman from Aleppo Source interviewed by journalist Ghaith Abdul-Ahad, who is based in Aleppo Bron: The Guardian 28/12/2012
    • In Libya, we should have known that toppling Moammar Gadhafi was much easier than preventing an Iraq-style implosion, or some form of Afghan anarchy. Armed groups, including Islamists, are challenging the central government and claiming control of fractured fiefdoms. ...»
      Simon Tisdall assistant editor of the Guardian and a foreign affairs columnist. Bron: 12/09/2012
    • Beyond the unrest in Mali there are wider regional problems - instability in the Sahel more generally; a heady mix of poverty and drought, feeding the Islamist embers; all compounded by the ready supply of weaponry that has come from Libyan arsenals in the wake of the downfall of Col Muammar Gaddafi's regime. ...»
      Jonathan Marcus Diplomatic correspondent for BBC Specialistion defense and diplomatics Bron: BBC 28/01/2013
    • Tunisia has - two years on since revolution - lately seen not only internal divisions, but also deterioration along its borders. Al-Qaeda, recently active in the Sahara, has reportedly benefited from an influx of weapons in the wake of Libya's civil war. Last month, police reported finding two militant training camps near the Algerian border, possibly intended to prepare disaffected Tunisians for joining jihads in nearby Mali or Algeria. In response, units from the military and national guard were deployed in a town near the Tunisian-Libyan borders following week-long clashes between police and residents protesting social inequalities. ...»
      Nabila Hamza Tunesian activist, sociologist, researcher in political science strives for human rights and democratization in the Arab world Bron: Ahram Online (Egyptian website on social justice) 14/01/2013
    • The Arab Spring no longer exists - and Syria is writing its obituary with more than 20.000 people reported dead. I called a friend the other day, he said: "The Arab Spring?" he said. "What’s that? There’s no Arab Spring anymore. That’s over. It is now a big struggle for power." Syria is likely to become an even bigger battleground for a proxy war between Hezbollah, Sunni rebels, government troops, Iran and al-Qaida. And once Syria collapses — or even before — Lebanon could ignite as well. ...»
      Richard Engel NBC News Chief Foreign Correspondent Bron: NBC (United STates) 07/09/2012



Gemma van der Kamp @gmmvdk RT: @petraterdoest #mmap #egypt ok dan nog een mooie mattermap: is arab spring a flop? door gemma van der kamp open beantwoorden retweet
Petra ter Doest @petraterdoest #mmap #egypt ok dan nog een mooie mattermap: is arab spring a flop? door gemma van der kamp open beantwoorden retweet